Concentration in German viticulture

Monday, 15. November 2010 | 08:04 Uhr | RED.YOOPRESS | DWI
Reference: DWI | Translator: C.SIEGEL
2010_11-wine economy
Meike Näkel from Weingut Meyer-Näkel in Dernau to Ahr during the grape harvest at work in the basement (photo: DWI)

GERMANY (Mainz) - The structural change in the German wine industry is gaining dynamics. The amount of smaller wineries with less than five hectare vineyards has increased by roughly 20.000 wineries or 30 percent in the period of 1999 to 2009. In the previous 10-year-referance period, the concentration had been only half as big. In the past year, Germany counted a total of 48.009 active wineries. This data was furnished by the German Wine Institute (DWI - Deutsches Weininstitut) on behalft of the Federal Statistics Office.

DWI-director Monika Reule emphasized that the total amount of vineyards in Germany had not changed since 1999 despite termination of wine businesses: "We have been experiencing an enormous concentration process in the wine industry, which is increased even more by new generations. Successful wine businesses with young, qualified junior vintners thankfully take over left behind vineyards. Thus, the number of businesses with more than five hectares of vineyards has increased by 1.5 percent to about 6.000 in the past 10 years. This change also reflects the increasing professionalisation of wine businesses", says the DWI-director.

The wine-growing regions Middlerhine, Rhinegau, Moselle, Palatinate and Rhinehesse saw the largest concentration processes with business terminations as high as about 40 percent. In terms of winery numbers, Saale-Unstrut developed against the trend. The number of businesses in the Eastern wine-growing region increased by 146 to a total of 679; it is important to add that parallel to this, the vineyards have increased by about 90 hectares since 1999 as well.

The average winery sizes depend on how good mechanisation works on vineyard cultivation on the one hand and on the structures of wine businesses on the other. In Rhinehesse and Palatinate for instance, where many work processes can be done by machines due to the high amount of flat areas, the business sizes amount to about six to eight hectares.

In the wine-growing regions Moselle and Middlerhine, which are dominated by work-intensive steep hills, the average vineyard size per business is only about 2 hectares. In Baden and  Württemberg 80 percent of  wine businesses are organized in co-ops. In many cases, viticulture is acted out also in sidelines, which explains the rather small size of about one hectar per business. The average size of 0.2 hectares per business shows that there is wine-growing is more of a hobby for people in Saxonia, with only few exceptions. (red.yoopress)

The following chart shows a summary of the winery business development since 1989 in business size and vineyards in wine-growing regions:


Winery sizes in hectares

All Wineries

Diff. 09/99 in%

2009

1999

1989

Diff. 09/99

below 0,2

16.547

23.473

21.620

-6.926

-29,5

0,2 to 0,5

10.904

17.156

20.365

-6.252

-36,4

0,5to 1

 5.660

9.072

12.039

-3.412

-37,6

1 to 2

 4.130

6.298

9.220

-2.168

-34,4

2 to 5

4.784

6.706

9.118

-1.922

-28,7

5 and more

5.984

5.898

5.026

86

1,5

Total

48.009

68.603

77.388

-20.594

-30,0

Source: Federal Statistics Office

 

Amount of Wineries and Vineyards in relation to wine-growing regions in Germany

Wine-growing region

All Wineries

Diff. 09/99 in%

Vineyards

Region

in hectares

Ø Vineyard per Winery in hectares

2009

1999

Diff. 09/99

Rhinehesse

 3.451

5.631

- 2.180

-39

26.480

7,7

Palatinate

 4.165

6.890

- 2.725

-40

23.467

5,6

Baden

 14.056

19.918

- 5.862

-29

15.836

1,1

Württemberg

 10.831

14.138

- 3.307

-23

11.435

1,1

Mosel

 4.415

7.371

- 2.956

-40

8.976

2,0

Franconia

 4.901

6.586

- 1.685

-26

6.104

1,2

Nahe

  783

1.074

-  291

-27

4.163

5,3

Rhinegau

  814

1.384

-  570

-41

3.062

3,8

Saale-Unstrut

  679

5.33

  146

27

704

1,0

Ahr

  637

7.00

-  63

-9

557

0,9

Saxonia

2.559

3.213

-  654

-20

461

0,2

Middlerhine

  245

4.29

-  184

-43

458

1,9

Hesse Bergstraße

  454

703

-  249

-35

427

0,9

Total:

48.009

68.603

-20.594

-30,0

102.186

2,1

Source: Federal Statistics Office

 

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